Ontario's rent-geared-to-income (RGI) housing assistance system is a critical tool for ensuring that low and moderate-income households can find homes that they can afford. It has also become an extremely complex and costly system to administer and deliver. Is it possible to reform the system to make it simpler to administer and cheaper to operate? This paper identifies two sets of reforms that would streamline administration, simplify and reduce delivery and oversight costs, and generate better outcomes for households in need of housing assistance. The first set identifies opportunities to develop fairer and simpler rent setting practices, while the second involves changes to the rent subsidy model for tenants and the funding formula and administration requirements for housing providers.